Conflict is again on the rise after a major decrease following the end of the Cold War. Today’s wars kill and displace more people, and are harder to end than in years past. these are the top 10 conflicts to watch according to foreignpolicy.com :
1 Syria, Iraq, and the Islamic State 2. Ukraine 3. South Sudan 4. Nigeria 5. Somalia 6. Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) 7. Afghanistan 8. Yemen 9. Libya and the Sahel 10. Venezuela
The picture that emerges from this survey of conflicts is grim. There is, however, one glimmer of hope — the increasing fragmentation of the world also means that there is no overarching divide. Even if the deepening crisis between Russia and the West is unsettling Europe, the last remnants of the Cold War are disappearing as Cuba and the United States normalize their relations. Many conflicts can now be dealt with on their own merits, and the growing role of regional powers — while adding complexity and, in some cases, new antagonisms — also creates opportunities for more creative diplomacy. foreignpolicy.com
picture: Junior D. Kannah/AFP/Getty Images
Dominic Nahr. Mogadishu, Somalia. August 9, 2011
I have never watched children die in front of me before. Watching their last breath as their chest slowly and with long pauses slightly expand and then deflate again. Until, it suddenly stops. The children who arrived at the Banadir hospital in Mogadishu were in bad shape, but they were the lucky ones. Some of them who made it to the hospital early enough managed to pull through, even with limited medical supplies and overworked, unpaid, and tired nurses. However, for most, it was a place they came to die.
Soldier Stories follows two Ugandan soldiers – a female gunner and a male nurse – serving in the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM) at a critical stage in the battle for Mogadishu, between Al-Shabab militants and the internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government. From their training in Uganda to deployment in the shattered city in July 2011, Roselyn Namutebi and Otto Moses share their thoughts and fears on the frontline of one of the world’s most intractable crises.
Halima Hassan holds her severely malnourished son Abdulrahman Abshir, 7 months, at the Banadir hospital in Mogadishu on Aug. 14.
Doctor Amith Ramcharan examines a child at the Banadir Hospital on September 7, 2011 in Mogadishu, Somalia. This is the Gift Of The Givers Foundation’s second mercy mission to Somalia, where they will provide medical services and food aid to the famine stricken Somalia. This delegation includes doctors, nurses, dieticians and other medical personnel.
It is one of the world’s toughest jobs, but one man is determined to make a difference in the war-torn Somali capital.
Filmmaker: Robert Elliott
Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, is considered one of the most dangerous places on earth. Its two million inhabitants have endured more than two decades of conflict and today a battle rages between the armed al-Shabab group and Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG).
Amidst the chaos of this war-torn city, Mahamoud Nur, the mayor of Mogadishu, is trying to make a difference, in part by “altering the mindset of the people”.
He left his wife and six children behind in London, where he had lived for more than 12 years, to return home to Mogadishu at the request of Sharif Ahmed, the country’s president.
This film explores Mahamoud’s extraordinary story and follows him in the days leading up to one of his most ambitious initiatives to date: a street festival celebrating Somali culture – the first event of its kind in many years and an obvious target for an attack.
There is no children’s laughter here. Most are too weak to even cry out. Almost all of the patients in the children’s wing of the Banadir hospital die within hours of their arrival of malnutrition related illnesses and diseases.
Over 2.8 million people are at risk of starvation and hundreds of thousands of Somalis are on the verge of dying, while the UN declares that large swathes of the country are in a crisis.
Dominic Nahr: Somalia: The Catastrophic Famine (Magnum: September 2011)